The famous cultural relics horse riding Chebi foot may not swallow-ca1816

The famous cultural relics "horse riding Chebi" step may not swallow the horse riding Chebi (Gansu Museum) Lang Shining bird atlas in Qing Qianlong Ji swallow green gold color "statue of Qing Emperor Qianlong peace and tranquility under heaven" enamel "Xinglin Chun Yan" the clock while the sunflower bowl swallow theme in the Ming and Qing dynasties popular art at that time, "Xinglin Chun Yan", "peace and tranquility under heaven" pattern often appears in various articles, but before the Tang Dynasty in the swallow’s image has retained art does not see more, some specious image, not jumping to conclusions. Swallows nest at home is regarded as an auspicious swallow, is one of the most common images in ancient literature, and its image often appears in ancient works of art. In the ancient books of the swallow, "uninominal Yan", "stack Yan Yan", and "t", "B bird", "heaven", "Phoenix bird", "Wu Yi". Swallows have many symbolic meanings. In the national mind, the swallow is bird totem, ("the destiny of God and drop T, taking"); in the eyes of Chen, swallow only short-sighted people, with no ambition at all ("brambling yasutomo lofty ambition"); while the common people is that the swallow nest at home, is auspicious. In the ancient literature, the image is quite rich, or expression of injury to cherish spring of love, or sustenance of Acacia and tell from the situation, the country, or feeling people have changed, or the expression of wandering the bitter, homesickness…… "Xinglin Chunyan" to congratulate Jinbangtiming relative to the literary works of "swallow" image, swallow ancient arts and crafts in a completely different way, not only, its meaning is often not the same. Sometimes the swallow is just a kind of surface decoration, and the meaning of the work has nothing to do with the swallow. As of now in the possession of the Shanghai Museum of Qing Emperor Qianlong enamel "Xinglin map bowl, the picture is Chunyan" apricot, a blooming flowers with luxuriant foliage, and a pair of swallows around the apricot trees whispering. This map is called "Xinglin Chunyan", on the surface, seems to be the expression of the beauty of spring. As a matter of fact, "Xinglin Chunyan" is a story of the imperial era. In the Tang Dynasty, the annual spring rites by Chancery presided over the national expedition, give the child and after, but also through the official Department of the assessment to the office, known as the "civil trial" or "trial". The results of the day, Qujiang Xinke Jinshi in Changan Apricot Garden Party, a recreation, known as the "apricot feast" or "apricot third feast", later the scene in the artwork evolved into "Xinglin Chunyan". Why evolution is "Xinglin Chunyan"? In front of the three words, "Xing" and "lucky" homophonic, "Xinglin" symbol of honor list, "spring", "spring" on behalf of spring at the capital will try to. To "swallow" generation "feast", there are three reasons: one is the autumn to spring back, is the symbol of spring; the two is the "feast" and "Yan" homophonic; three is to "swallow" generation "feast", is a quality suggestive of poetry or painting in the picture. Some people think that "Xinglin Chunyan" graphs with the "Xinglin" Legend of the Three Kingdoms period, famous Dong Feng, who heal, no nothing, just for a few years after the apricot tree, grow into a forest, so the "moral map or Xinglin Chunyan" bowl with this legend. This kind of say.相关的主题文章: